Antràs and Yeaple(2013)


Multinational Firms and the Structure of International Trade

Pol AntràsStephen R.Yeaple

NBER Working Paper No. 18775
Issued in February 2013
NBER Program(s):   IFM   ITI 

This article reviews the state of the international trade literature on multinational firms. This literature addresses three main questions. First, why do some firms operate in more than one country while others do not? Second, what determines in which countries production facilities are located? Finally, why do firms own foreign facilities rather than simply contract with local producers or distributors? We organize our exposition of the trade literature on multinational firms around the workhorse monopolistic competition model with constant-elasticity-of-substitution (CES) preferences. On the theoretical side, we review alternative ways to introduce multinational activity into this unifying framework, illustrating some key mechanisms emphasized in the literature. On the empirical side, we discuss the key studies and provide updated empirical results and further robustness tests using new sources of data.

download in pdf format
   (1590 K)

email paper

This paper is available as PDF (1590 K) or via email.



Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARCRISBibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w18775